Large, horse-like antelope with standing mane, sickle-shaped horns (male and female), and long, pointed ears. Born brown. Turn rusty, then darken with age. Adult males turn black. Females darken a variable amount, some southern natives going black. White face marks and underparts contrast sharply. Male horns average 32 to 41 in., up to 40 to 60 3/4 (46 to 68 in. for giant sable). Female lengths 23 1/2 to 31 1/2 in. up to 39 1/2. Male weight 440 to 500 lbs., rarely more; (giant sable 440 to 595 lbs.); female 400 to 507 lbs.
Seasonal breeders (end of rains or during Africa's dry season). Timing varies with local conditions. Males court all year and produce sperm all year but. more active during breeding season. On poor range, females cycle only once during restricted rut period.
Gestation & Young Per Birth
8 1/2 to 9 mo.; 1 young.
6 to 8 ft. usually adequate.